Polaris Industries Inc. (NYSE:PII) reported third quarter net income of $32.3 million, or $0.50 per diluted share, for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 compared to $155.2 million, or $2.30 per diluted share reported in the third quarter of 2015. Sales for the third quarter of 2016 totaled $1,185.1 million, down 19 percent from last year’s third quarter sales of $1,456.0 million.
“Our third quarter results, while discouraging, were in line with our revised guidance and reflect our ongoing execution of the RZR recalls and significant quality and safety improvement initiatives. During the past three months, we have accelerated our efforts to get our loyal owners back to riding safely, and are now over 50 percent complete with the RZR 900/1000 recalls and slightly below 50 percent on the more recent RZR Turbo recall notice. In addition to these recall challenges, we continued to face a weak overall Powersports industry, but were encouraged by continued retail strength for Indian and our overall motorcycle business, and the return to growth for side-by-sides in September,” commented Scott Wine, Polaris’ chairman and CEO.
“We remain committed to improving our fundamentals and executing our long-term strategy to be the ‘Best in Powersports, Plus’. Our recent announcement to acquire Transamerican Auto Parts, a $740 million, vertically integrated multi-channel leader in the $10+ billion Jeep and truck aftermarket accessory space, is consistent with our strategy and exciting due to its growth potential. This transaction provides us an immediate leadership position in a growing market, while allowing us to accelerate growth and profitability for Polaris,” continued Wine. “We are making the necessary investments, both internally and externally, to realize the true potential of our organization. Along with improvements in product safety and quality, we are using Huntsville and our go to market Retail Flow Management (“RFM”) process to establish Lean as a competitive advantage, we are bringing technology to the forefront of our industry with Ride Command, and we are working to transform the customer experience, from purchase to service, to enhance profitability. This commitment to improving our execution and our overall performance will drive a steadier cadence of growth and profitability in the future.”
Off-Road Vehicle (“ORV”) and Snowmobile segment sales, including its respective PG&A sales, decreased 23 percent from the third quarter of 2015 to $923.4 million. Gross profit decreased 40 percent to $231.3 million, or 25.1 percent of sales, in the third quarter of 2016, compared to $388.5 million, or 32.6 percent of sales, in the third quarter of 2015 due to higher warranty costs related to recent recall activity primarily for the Company’s RZR vehicles.
ORV wholegood sales decreased 25 percent to $619.0 million reflecting the Company’s decision to delay model year 2017 shipments, including the high margin RZR Turbo vehicles, in order to revalidate its new model line-up and protect dealer inventory levels. Compared to the 2015 third quarter, Polaris North American ORV unit retail sales were down high-single digits percent, consisting of consumer purchases for side-by-side vehicles down high-single digits percent and ATV retail sales down low-double digits percent. The North American ORV industry was down low-single digits percent compared to the third quarter last year. ORV dealer inventory was down 16 percent in the 2016 third quarter compared to the same period last year.
Snowmobile wholegood sales decreased 35 percent to $119.9 million due to timing of shipments, year-over-year, as the Company manufactured and shipped its snowmobiles earlier in 2015.
Motorcycle segment sales, including its respective PG&A sales, decreased three percent in the 2016 third quarter to $183.2 million. Victory and Indian motorcycles reported increased vehicle sales growth, while Slingshot sales were down during the quarter due to shipment timing. Gross profit decreased 26 percent to $21.2 million, or 11.6 percent of sales in the third quarter of 2016, compared to $28.4 million, or 15.1 percent of sales, in the third quarter of 2015 due to higher warranty expense related to recent safety and service bulletins, primarily for Slingshot.
North American consumer retail demand for the Polaris motorcycle segment, including Victory, Indian Motorcycle and Slingshot, increased high-single digits percent during the 2016 third quarter with Indian Motorcycle and Victory increasing low-teens percent combined, while overall motorcycle industry retail sales 900cc and above was down high-single digits percent in the 2016 third quarter. Product availability for all three motorcycle brands remained adequate throughout the quarter as both the Company’s Spirit Lake, Iowa motorcycle plant and the new Slingshot production line in Huntsville, Alabama are producing at retail demand levels.
Global Adjacent Markets segment sales along with its respective PG&A sales, increased six percent to $78.5 million in the 2016 third quarter compared to the 2015 third quarter. Gross profit increased three percent to $21.8 million, or 27.8 percent of sales, in the third quarter of 2016, compared to $21.2 million, or 28.7 percent of sales, in the third quarter of 2015.
Parts, Garments, and Accessories (“PG&A”) sales, which are included in each of the three respective reporting segments, declined one percent during the 2016 third quarter to $224.4 million driven by lower retail sales.
International sales to customers outside of North America totaled $141.0 million for the third quarter of 2016, including PG&A, a decrease of eight percent from the same period in 2015. International sales on a constant currency basis were down seven percent in the 2016 third quarter.
Gross profit for the total Company decreased 37 percent to $260.8 million in the third quarter of 2016, compared to $415.6 million in the third quarter of 2015. As a percentage of sales, gross profit declined 655 basis points to 22.0 percent of sales for the third quarter of 2016, compared to 28.5 percent of sales for the same period last year. Increased warranty and promotional costs and negative product mix, partially offset by lower commodity costs and product cost reduction efforts, were the primary reasons for the gross margin erosion.
Operating expenses increased 16 percent to $222.6 million, or 18.8 percent of sales, for the third quarter of 2016, compared to $192.0 million, or 13.2 percent of sales, for the third quarter of 2015. The change was primarily driven by higher general and administrative expenses due to higher product liability and recall related legal costs and increased research and development expenses for product revalidation and ongoing innovation.
Income from financial services was $19.2 million during the third quarter 2016, a one percent increase compared to $19.1 million in the third quarter of 2015 directly related to lower retail sales during the quarter.
Non-operating other expense (income), net, which primarily relates to foreign currency exchange-rate movements and the corresponding effects on foreign currency transactions related to the Company’s foreign subsidiaries, was $5.7 million of expense in the third quarter of 2016 compared to $1.3 million of income in the third quarter of 2015.
The provision for income taxes for the third quarter of 2016 was $13.5 million or 29.5 percent of pretax income compared to $84.5 million or 35.3 percent of pretax income for the third quarter of 2015. The lower income tax provision rate in the third quarter 2016 is primarily due to the extension of the research and development credit by the U.S. Congress in the 2015 fourth quarter, in addition to certain favorable tax adjustments in the 2016 third quarter that had a more significant impact on the income tax rate due to the lower pretax income generated during the quarter.
Financial Position and Cash Flow
Net cash provided by operating activities was $426.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, compared to $464.0 million for the same period in 2015. The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities for the 2016 period was due to lower net income in the quarter offset somewhat by lower factory inventory and increased accrued expenses. Total debt for the quarter, including capital lease obligations and notes payable, was $436.7 million. The Company’s debt-to-total capital ratio was 32 percent at September 30, 2016, compared to 25 percent a year ago. Cash and cash equivalents were $122.7 million at September 30, 2016, down from $225.3 million for the same period in 2015.
Share Buyback Activity
During the third quarter 2016, the Company repurchased and retired 111,000 shares of its common stock for $10.5 million. As of September 30, 2016, the Company currently has authorization from its Board of Directors to repurchase up to an additional 8.6 million shares of Polaris stock.
2016 Business Outlook
For the full year 2016, the Company is narrowing its earnings guidance range to $3.40 to $3.60 per diluted share with sales expected to be down in the mid- to high-single digit percent range. The full year 2016 earnings guidance excludes the TAP acquisition. Sales expectations by segment for the full year 2016 are as follows: ORV/Snowmobile sales expected down in the high-single to low-double digits percent range; Motorcycle sales up low-single digits percent; and Global Adjacent Market sales up high-single digits percent.